Monday, July 7, 2014

The Marriage of Albert H. Pastoor




Genealogical Proof Report
for the Marriage of Albert H. Pastoor


Summary of Findings
The first official document which alludes to the marriage of Albert Herman Pastoor and Edna Baisley is when they are named as parents on the 1923 birth certificate of their son, Harry.  Both had been married before, and Edna was a widow with a 6- or 7-year-old daughter when they met. Both were natives of New York, with Albert born in Brooklyn and Edna born in Peekskill. Except for a brief time when he enlisted in the Navy in Maryland, Albert lived his life in New York, as did Edna. He was a sailor stationed at the Naval Ammunition Depot at Iona Island just across the Hudson River from Peekskill, so they likely met and were married in New York. Although no document has yet been found which gives the actual date and place of their marriage, several documents combined help narrow their marriage to sometime between 22 August 1921 and 21 April 1922. 

Itemized Research Findings
5 assertions from 5 sources were considered in evaluating this claim.
The 1919 U.S. Navy enlistment form [1] asserts that Albert Herman Pastoor was not married.
The source reviewed was an Original Record. The information is believed to be Primary (meaning the person providing the information was a knowledgeable eyewitness or participant in the event). The evidence supporting the claim is considered Indirect (meaning the evidence is implied or circumstantial).
The 1919 U.S. Navy enlistment form is part of the compiled service record for Albert H. Pastoor and was obtained from the National Personnel Center and scanned by the compiler into a digital image. It is a standard military enlistment form completed in type and is a good image with legible print. There is some "noise" from the copy process, but it does not interfere with legibility. Both the recruiting officer and Albert had signed the document. 
On this form, Albert asserts he is not married. Although he might be lying about his marital status, there would be no personal gain to do so; on the contrary, if he were married, he would get more money for expenses. He has designated his sister, Mrs. Helen Carman, as his beneficiary and next of kin, and her name appears on his marriage record to Margaret Westerman as a witness to the ceremony. Since Albert was not married as of the document date, 22 August 1919, he was probably not married to Edna Baisley before he was married to Margaret Westerman.
 The Pastoor-Westerman Marriage Certificate [2] asserts that Albert H. Pastoor married Margaret Westerman on 17 Nov 1920 in Brooklyn, New York.
The source reviewed was an Original Record. The information is believed to be Primary. The evidence supporting the claim is considered Indirect.
This marriage certificate is an image copy of the original certificate obtained from the New York City Municipal Archives.  It is a clean image with a few horizontal light lines running throughout, which does not interfere with legibility, and it does not appear to have been altered. The handwriting on the certificate seems to be by one hand, likely that of the deputy city clerk, whose signature was on the form. He likely completed the certificate with information provided by either the bride or groom, or both. The handwriting appears to be in ink, though due to the copy process, the color and type of writing instrument cannot be determined. The handwriting is quite slanted to the right with large loopy initial capital letters making it difficult to read. Both the bride and groom, as well as two witnesses, one of whom was Mrs. Helen Carman, signed the certificate. The clerk filled in the certificate with the appropriate information without leaving any blanks. It was filed and stamped at the city hall the day after the marriage. Although the bride and/or groom could have given false information in order to make themselves look better, this does not appear to be the case. There was nothing to be gained by lying about their personal information or the names of their parents, unless they were underage and trying to appear legal in order to be married, but this is unlikely since both were U.S. citizens and one of the witnesses was Albert's sister. 
Page four of his 1919 military service record shows that while Albert was stationed at the Naval Ammunition Depot on Iona Island, he was approved for a 10-day leave from 16 Nov 1920 to 26 Nov 1920. His marriage to Margaret Westerman occurred during this leave on 17 Nov 1920.  In his 1921 service record, Albert asserts they are still married but he does not know where she is living, which seems to indicate they were estranged, and probably means he married Edna Baisley after this date. 
The 1921 Navy enlistment form [3] asserts that Albert Herman Pastoor was married and the address of his wife was unknown.
The source reviewed was an Original Record. The information is believed to be Primary. The evidence supporting the claim is considered Indirect.
The 1921 Navy enlistment form is part of the compiled service record for Albert Herman Pastoor. It is also a standard military enlistment form and was completed in type. While there is some "noise" from the copy process, the document is very legible. It was signed by both Albert Herman Pastoor and the commander of the Naval Ammunition Depot at Iona Island, New York.
Albert certifies that he is married on this form and that the address of his wife is "unknown." Combined with the beneficiary slip, also from the compiled service record, the wife indicated on this enlistment record almost certainly refers to Margaret Westerman. These documents, both dated 22 Aug 1921, provide the latest known date where she is named as Albert's wife.
The Albert H. Pastoor's 1921 Beneficiary Slip [4] asserts that the name of the wife of Albert Herman Pastoor is Margaret Pastoor whose address is unknown.
The source reviewed was an Original Record. The information is believed to be Primary. The evidence supporting the claim is considered Indirect.
The 1921 beneficiary slip is also part of the compiled service record. It is a standard beneficiary slip, the purpose of which was for the serviceman to indicate who received the payment of six-month's pay; only the widow, children or dependent of the serviceman was eligible to receive it. There is no signature on the form, but the informant was likely Albert Pastoor, with information given at the time of his re-enlistment on 22 Aug 1921.
Albert had designated his wife, Margaret Pastoor, as his beneficiary. He indicated that her address was unknown.  Albert had designated his sister, Helen M. Carman, as his beneficiary, which means she would receive the six-month’s pay if there were no widow, child or other dependent.
This document shows that Albert was still married to Margaret on 22 Aug 1921. It also asserts he was discharged from the Navy at Iona Island on 17 Dec 1921, but there is no indication of his marital status at that time. He was given travel money to Brooklyn, which was his last given address.
The Birth certificate of Harry A. Pastoor [5] asserts that Harry Albert Pastoor was a legitimate male child born 21 Jan 1923 in Peekskill, New York, to father, Albert Herman Pastoor, and mother, Edna Baisley.
The source reviewed was an Original Record. The information is believed to be Primary. The evidence supporting the claim is considered Indirect.
Harry Pastoor's birth certificate was obtained from the New York State Department of Health and is a photocopy of the original state-filed certificate. It was photocopied onto special counterfeit-proof paper and stamped "For Genealogical Research Only." It is a legible copy and does not appear to have been altered. It was apparently completed by one hand, probably the physician who signed the certificate, but due to the copy process, the color and type of writing implement is not discernable. The implement used produced a dark thick line which makes similar closed letters, such as "a," "e," and "o" difficult to distinguish from one another. The lower right portion of the certificate is smeared, likely from the copy process since the typed print is smeared, but the area is still legible. There are no questions left blank and the certificate was filed with the local registrar four days after the birth. Although there does not appear to be any reason for the physician to report false information, the child  might have reported as legitimate in order to prevent the embarrassment of an out-of-wedlock birth. His signature on the form only certifies that the physician attended the birth of the child and that it was born alive. However, as a professional, the physician would likely be bound ethically to report accurate information. Since he may have been the physician who cared for the mother during her pregnancy, he would also have known whether or not the parents were married.
In order for Albert's later marriage to Edna to be legal, his marriage to Margaret needed to be dissolved either by her death, from annulment, or by divorce. So far, the whereabouts of Margaret Westerman Pastoor after 17 Nov 1920 is unknown; no death certificate has been located and divorce papers are sealed for 100 years. Since they were married in Brooklyn Borough Hall, it is unlikely the marriage was annulled. 
Since Albert's son Harry was born on 21 Jan 1923 and his birth was legitimate, it probably means that Albert and Edna were already married at the time of his birth. If Edna's pregnancy was about 9 months, then Harry was conceived sometime around 21 Apr 1922. The time between 21 Aug 1922 (the latest known date of Albert's being married to Margaret) and the birth of his son Harry, is an interval of 1 year, 4 months and 30 days; this interval was the time during which Albert's marriage to Margaret ended, he married Edna, and his son was born. Of that interval, Edna would have been pregnant about 9 months, which leaves 8 months of that interval when she was not pregnant (based on a 30-day month) and presumably during which time she met Albert. If Edna was not pregnant when she and Albert were married, their marriage date is narrowed to between 22 Aug 1921 (the last known date Margaret was Albert's wife) and 21 Apr 1922 (the approximate date of Harry's conception). If Edna was pregnant at the time of the marriage, she and Albert could have been married as late as the date of Harry's birth.
The Albert H. Pastoor's obituary [6] asserts that Albert H. Pastoor was the beloved husband of Edna (nee Baisley).
The source reviewed was a Derived Record, introducing the risk of copy errors. It is indeterminable whether the information being considered is Primary or Secondary information. The evidence supporting the claim is considered Direct (meaning it adequate to answer the question directly).
Albert H. Pastoor's obituary is a photocopy of the original obituary on microfilm at the New Jersey Room of the Jersey City Public Library, which was mailed to the compiler by a library staff member. The copy is only of the obituary clipping without newspaper headers, however, the library staff member cited the name and issue date of the newspaper as well as the page and column where the obituary might be found. The photocopy is very legible, with a few vertical lines from the copy process visible but not obscuring any text. This copy is an exact replica of the original undated clipping held by the compiler and given to her by her father, John Pasteur, a son of Albert H. Pastoor.
The informant is unknown, but likely Harry, the eldest son, provided the information to the newspaper with some details provided by his mother. This information would not be considered reliable because there is a definite bias toward presenting the deceased in a positive manner. Therefore the relationships stated here need to be used as clues for further research. The significance here is that Albert and Edna were living as husband and wife until his death.
Recommendations for Continuing

·                     Although New York divorce records are sealed for 100 years, the indexes are open to the public. Search for a New York divorce decree for Albert Pastoor and Margaret Westerman.  Indexes may be found at the New York State Archives and some county clerk’s offices.

·                     No marriage record for Albert Pastoor and Edna Baisley (or Edna Outhouse, her name from her previous marriage) has been found in the New York State Archives. Search for a record in the New York City Municipal Archives, which maintains marriages reported prior to 1930. Determine where records would be held if the marriage had been conducted by military personnel. If nothing is found, consider expanding search to surrounding states.

End Notes

1. Enlistment Form, 22 Aug 1919; compiled military service record for Albert H. Pastoor, service no. 1521327 (discharged 17 Dec 1921), Records Related to Enlisted Men, 1884 —; Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Record Group 24; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.

2. Borough of Brooklyn Bureau of Records, Marriage Certificate 15863 (1920), Albert H. Pastoor and Margaret Westerman; New York City Municipal Archives, New York City.

3. Enlistment Form, 22 Aug 1921; compiled military service record for Albert H. Pastoor, service no. 1521327 (discharged 17 Dec 1921), Records Related to Enlisted Men, 1884 —; Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Record Group 24; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.

4. Beneficiary Slip, 22 Aug 1921; compiled military service record for Albert H. Pastoor, service no. 1521327 (discharged 17 Dec 1921), Records Related to Enlisted Men, 1884 —; Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Record Group 24; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.

5. New York Department of Health, Birth Certificate 7925 (21 Jan 1923), Harry Albert Pastoor; New York State Department of Health, Albany.

6. Pastoor, Jersey Journal (Jersey City, New Jersey), 25 November 1949, p. 16, col. 8

Prepared 24 Jun 2014 by Karin Coppernoll
Evidentia© 2012-2014


Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Second Quarter Update

It's time to evaluate my second quarter goals. Since I've been using Janine Adams' (Organize Your Family History) quarterly method now for two quarters, I'm amazed at what I've accomplished in my paternal grandfather's line. I decided this year I needed to reorganize and adapt my family history methods to "best practice" if I ever want to become a professional genealogist. Has Janine's method helped me? That's a resounding yes, though not to say that I haven't been distracted. I have spent a day here and there on another line. It's usually an email from a potential cousin that gets me running that rabbit trail. But for the most part, I've been able to stay disciplined and focused on my paternal line. So what have I accomplished this quarter?

  • All citations in my Pastoor line are complete and accurate, even if they aren't perfect. Every bit of data has a citation, including a media file and transcription;
  • Research plans have been created and brought up-to-date;
  • Research logs and correspondence logs have been updated or created as necessary;
  • Proof summaries have been written and saved;
  • Notes and supporting files have been moved or linked to OneNote;
  • Biography page has been created in OneNote to add stories as I go along;
  • Completed the Mastering Genealogical Proof study group.

Although I didn't further any research on this line, I'm more organized and prepared for targeted research. Productive quarter? You betcha.

 

 

Friday, June 20, 2014

Montrose Station, New York

The James Baisley family owned land near Montrose Station Road and near what was called Crugers Station in the late nineteenth century. Both places were stations on the Hudson Line of the Hudson River Railroad, later known as the New York Central Railroad, until they were abandoned in 1996 and replaced by a new station at Cortlandt.

Family Photo of Montrose Station, c. 1940s

The Erie canal had opened in 1825 which helped in the transport of goods across the state, but because the locks were very slow, stagecoaches would pile up causing the goods to be delayed. It was in response to this that the first railroad in New York was built in 1826. It was called the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad and went to the capital city of Albany.

Because the towns along the Hudson River used the river heavily for transporting goods, they didn't see a need for a railroad until ice starting preventing travel in the winter. The Hudson River Railroad was formed and opened a line in 1851 in order to further extend the railroad. But it was only when Cornelius Vanderbilt purchased the railroad and merged it with other railroads he owned in 1869 that it became the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, and was later renamed the New York Central Railroad in 1914.

In 1861 Abraham Lincoln rode the Hudson River Railroad and stopped in Peekskill, one of the villages near Montrose and Crugers, on his way to his inaugeration. I'm sure my Baisley ancestors were among the many people who lined the streets of Peekskill and along the Hudson River Railroad to see their future president. I even found an obituary of a great-uncle which mentions the incident and an article which describes how another great-uncle was injured when he fell out of a train at Montrose Station.

Unfortunately it appears that incidents on the Hudson River Railroad were not uncommon. Here is a tragic story about an accident at the bridge near Montrose in the 11 June 1872 edition of The Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle. You never know what you will find while browsing old newspapers.


 

 

 

 

Friday, June 13, 2014

Not Quite a Billion Graves

This week since the weather was just right for photographing headstones, I decided to check both Find A Grave and BillionGraves for local cemeteries that needed photos. I had both apps but hadn't used either of them yet. The cemetery in my town was mostly taken care of in Find A Grave, but much to my surprise, it wasn't even listed in BillionGraves. So I added it and then went out to take pictures. Even though Find A Grave had many headstone photos, I thought it was worth while to add them to the other site. You can never have too much redundancy in genealogy. You never know when a site will disappear with all that data.

In less than two hours, I managed to photograph 265 headstones using the BillionGraves app, and that was only the first row of graves in the cemetery. Obviously, it is going to take me quite a while to photograph the 6000+ graves there.

I wasn't the only weirdo walking through the cemetery taking pictures. A woman with her niece was also taking pictures for the photo requests on Find A Grave. She wasn't local but her niece was; and she was the only one in her family interested in genealogy, just like me in my family. We compared notes and shared tips with one another. Anytime you see someone walking with a camera from grave to grave in a cemetery it is likely a genealogist. We are the only ones who think cemeteries are a social meeting place.

When I'm taking the pictures, I can't help but think about the people named on the headstones. So many seem to be forgotten and the graves uncared for. I like to take a moment at each grave just to remember that each person beneath the headstone had a life story. Infant and children's graves always sadden me as I think about the families and how grief stricken they must have been at their loss. So many of the older stones were very legible but some newer ones were worn away with names unreadable. A visual lesson in the wear patterns of the different types of stones.

I found a headstone for a Civil War veteran from Company A, 183rd Pennsylvania volunteer infantry. I added the link to the information I found on his page in BillionGraves, hoping it will be useful for a fellow genealogist. One of the more unusual names I came across was Return H. Deming and his wife, Mary. A quick search for him on Ancestry.com, and I learned his wife's maiden name was Conover and that they both were from Ohio; they were living in Illinois in 1880 and had moved to Washington territory by 1887. Today's technology makes finding this information so much easier than when I first started researching.

The BillionGraves app was very easy to use. From the dashboard, just click "take photos" and start taking pictures. When you are done, at the click of a button, they will automatically upload to the site and be ready for transcribing. The biggest complaint I have with the app is the lack of editing tools. I had several photos which needed to be rotated. The BillionGraves site allows you to rotate them for viewing, but the rotation won't stay. This means everyone who views the photo will need to rotate it or I need to save it to my computer, edit it, and then upload it again to BillionGraves. Not something I want to do for a hundred or more photos. I'd rather spend the time transcribing them.

I don't know if I'll get photos for all 6000+ headstones taken and added to BillionGraves, but I hope the ones I do add will help someone find out more about their family history.

 

 

Saturday, June 7, 2014

Photographs of the Unknowns





Sometimes you never know where something as simple as a photograph will lead you. Among old photographs given to me by my father is the one pictured above. There are no markings on the back, which is solidly tannish-brown in color. The photo itself is actually a thin piece of paper adhered to a thick sturdy gray frame. I have no idea who these people are; there is no one still living in my family who knows who they are. The only clue may lie in the provenance of the photos. They belonged to my father's only sister, his half-sister, who was twenty-two years older than he was.

During birthdays and holidays, my aunts and uncles and cousins would often gather together to celebrate. These celebrations would often wind down with a slide presentation of family photos and even some of the old photographs would make a showing. I suspect the photographs of the unkowns may have been from Aunt Edna's family because everytime I asked about who they were, she would quickly respond that they were "old family friends" and change the subject.  For some reason, no one in our family was supposed to know that my Aunt Edna was only our half-aunt; it was very hush-hush. Even later when I learned my grandmother had been a young widow and was remarried to my grandfather, it didn't make sense why it was never talked about. Even my father learned that his sister was his half-sister accidentally. He was about 8 years old and snooping through his parents' things looking for something when he found his sister's birth certificate hidden away. He had noticed there was a different last name—Outhouse, not Pastoor— but he didn't think much about it, and it was never discussed. It wasn't until I was about twelve or thirteen and became interested in learning about family history that the family "secret" was revealed, but only to me. I don't recall thinking it was much of a bombshell. Aunt Edna was my favorite relative and learning she was only "half" related didn't change anything.

Well, I guess almost anything. That revelation opened up a door to learning about her family history. I learned that there had been extensive research done on the Outhouse family, and that her family—and mine, since we shared a relative on her mother's side—could be traced back to The Netherlands, into the 1600s. But the real bombshell was learning that my grandmother, Edna (Baisley) Pastoor,  was not only my Aunt Edna's mother, but that they were also third cousins! Aunt Edna's 2nd great-grandparents were James Outhouse and Esther "Hetty" Tompins through her father, Lester Outhouse. But Aunt Edna was also related to them through her mother whose 2nd great-grandparents were also James Outhouse and Hetty Tompkins.

Learning this, it doesn't take much imagining to think that these old photographs may have something to do with the Outhouse family and were probably taken around Peekskill, Westchester county, New York. So I'm posting them here just in case some long-lost cousins recognize them. Please, if you know any of these people, contact me or post a comment below! I'd love to finally put a name to the faces and learn more about their lives. If nothing else, these photos have taught me the importance of sharing our photos and passing along our family stories to the next generation. Otherwise, how long before our faces become the faces of the unknown?

Thursday, May 15, 2014

Using OneNote in the Genealogical Process

Awhile ago, I blogged about my notetaking choice between Evernote and OneNote. Both are popular notetaking programs for genealogy, but I finally chose OneNote. It fits my organization style better than Evernote. Here's how I'm using it after reading Mastering Genealogical Proof by Thomas W. Jones.

I chose to create a notebook for each ancestral surname and one for collateral surnames, including the additional maiden names from my ancestral lines. I also added specialized notebooks for my study groups and a general notebook for webinar notes, location studies, or foreign language tips, or anything else that strikes my fancy.

 


This notebook template isn't my own creation; I found it on the Internet sometime ago, but I can't remember where. If someone recognizes this, please let me know so I can give proper credit to the creator!

 

 

When a notebook is opened, there are tabs arranged across the top, called sections. These are like the dividers in a physical binder. They can be named however one desires and any number of notebooks can be created. The tab on the end with the elipses (...) indicates that there are several more sections hidden; clicking the triangle opens a dropdown menu with the names of the hidden sections.

 

 
 

 


Down the right side are the pages in the highlighted section. Pictured to the right are the pages in my research plan section. Each ancestor has a main page, on which I keep a research checklist, with several subpages beneath, each containing a research plan for a particular event in that ancestor's life. Any number of pages or subpages can be created can be created. Since Albert Herman has two marriages, a sub-subpage can be created for the former marriage, if desired.

Although I'd love to take credit for this research plan, this template is a modification of one that I found on the Internet some time ago. Again, I cannot remember where I found it or who to credit.


The research plan starts with a research question and then a list of all the facts--where it came from and who the informant was. A working hypothesis is crafted and a list of potential sources is created. From this source list, a research strategy is developed listing the order in which to search them. This order is likely to change as information is discovered and new sources are found.

 

 

 

 

 


Next is the research log in which the sources searched are recorded as they are used. If there are positive results to the search, any items scanned, copied or saved are recorded and then given a document name, which is also recorded here. If there is nothing found, this is also recorded since it might be used as negative evidence at some point.


This is also the time to record the citation while the source is still handy so there are no missing pieces to search for later.


Once all the citations are completed, a preliminary analysis of the source is done, recording the type of source and its provenance. This is information that can be cut and pasted to be used in other programs.

 

Each piece of information is briefly noted and analyzed, the informant recorded, and the evidence is labeled as direct, indirect or negative.

After the preliminary analysis is completed, any potential conflicts are recorded with ideas on how they might be resolved. This is where to note ideas about correlating the evidence and the best way to present it. Finally, a conclusion is drafted...

 

...and the cycle begins again as more questions emerge.

 

So far, I'm really liking this research plan template. It's been a great place to capture my thoughts and record my research all in one place. One thing I do want to point out is that this is only one section of my whole research notebook. When I add digital images of my records, which I can then hyperlink to webpages, notes in other sections, or to other computer files, I will never lose a piece of information again. But that's best left for a blog post for another time.

 

Saturday, May 10, 2014

Happy Mother's Day 1914-2014

The first Mother's Day was celebrated in 1908 when Ann Jarvis organized the celebration to honor her mother's death and the "sacrifices mothers made for their children." It didn't become an official U.S. holiday until 1914 when President Woodrow Wilson officially signed a proclamation declaring "the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day 'as a public expression of love and reverence for the mothers of our country.'"

In honor of Mother's Day, I decided to search my family tree for all the women who might have been alive to celebrate that first official Mother's Day. There were 10 mothers between the ages of 18 and 80 in my family tree who were alive in 1914, four of whom were grandmothers as well.

Only four of those 10 mothers were in my ancestral line, and only one of them was a grandmother. My great-great-grandmother, Emily (Outhouse) Lamb, would have been a 74-year-old widow. She had four children who survived to adulthood to give her 13 grandchildren. She likely would have celebrated Mother's Day with her only daughter, my great-grandmother, Nettie (Lamb) Baisley, who gave birth to 7 of those grandchildren and would have been pregnant with her eighth child at age 41.

My great-grandmother, Anna (Kolb) Passtoor, was a German immigrant and would have been a widow at 41-years old. It was probably a bittersweet holiday for her since only two of her four children survived childhood. It would have been the only Mother's Day she would have celebrated; Anna died seven months later.

My great-grandmother, Stanislawa (Makowska) Chrzanowski, a Polish immigrant, would have been 26 years old and six months pregnant with her third child on that first Mother's Day.

So, on this 100th anniversary of Mother's Day, I honor those women of my past for the sacrifices they made for their children.

 

 

_________________

History.com staff. "Mother's Day," online article, History.com, (http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/mothers-day : 10 May 2014), First Mother's Day.

President Woodrow Wilson's Mother's Day Proclamation of May 9, 1914 (Presidential Proclamation 1268)., 9 May 1914; General Records of the United States Goverment, 1778-1992, Record Group 11; [Online version, www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/?dod-date=509, National Archives and Records Administration, 10 May 2014.]

ArLynn Leiber Presser, "The Pre-forgotten Mother's Day," Arlynnpresser, 16 Apr 2012 (arlynnpresser.com/tag/mothers : accessed 10 May 2014).

Christopher Fox Graham, "May 11 Marks the 100th Anniversay of Mother's Day," Journalaz.com, 7 May 2014 (www.journalaz.co/Opinion/may-11-marks-the-100th-anniversary-of-mothers-day.html : accessed 10 May 2014).